A cataract is a common condition affecting the older population. A cataract is a clouding of the natural transparent lens that focuses the light entering the eye onto the retina.
- Risk of cataract increases as you get older
- Certain systemic diseases, particularly diabetes mellitus
- Certain eye diseases like uveitis
- Environmental factors, particularly prolonged exposure to ultraviolet sunlight
- Personal behavior, particularly smoking & alcohol use
- Certain medications, particularly prolonged use of corticosteroids
- History of eye injury or radiation treatment on your upper body or previous eye surgery
There is a large spectrum of visual symptoms associated with cataract. These symptoms may include blurring of vision, increased sensitivity to light (glare), “Halos” around lights, difficulty seeing in low light situations, loss of contrast sensitivity, loss of ability to discern colors, frequent change of glasses & improved near vision.
No studies have proved how to prevent cataracts or slow the progression of cataracts. But doctors think several strategies may be helpful, including having regular eye examination, quitting smoking & alcohol use, managing other health problems particularly diabetes, choosing a healthy & balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits & vegetables, & wearing sunglasses to block ultraviolet rays when outdoors.
Cataracts can be removed only by surgery. Surgery is the only definitive treatment.
- The symptoms of early cataract may be improved with new glasses, brighter lighting, anti – glare sunglasses or magnifying lenses.
- You should consider surgery when cataracts keep you away from doing things you want or need to do i.e. when cataract interferes with your everyday activities like reading, driving, watching TV etc.
- Delay in surgery causes progressive deterioration of vision which is a major cause for accidents in the older population like fall in the bathroom or missing a step on the stairs.
- Contrary to our Indian social beliefs, it is easier, safer and recommended to remove a cataract in its immature stage than in mature stage.
- Also, weather / climate has no effect on the safety and outcome of cataract surgery.
- Surgery is usually “outpatient” (day care) & usually performed using local anesthesia.
- Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens & replacing it with a permanent, artificial lens (intraocular lens).
Cataract Management at MPEH
- At our center, cataract surgery is done using the world’s most acclaimed & updated machines.
- Eyes are like fingerprints – no two eyes are alike – not even your own two eyes.
- All eyes have unique internal optical qualities & our state – of – the – art technology can accurately measure these unique qualities, allowing our surgeons to custom tailor your cataract surgery specifically to your individual eyes in order to achieve the best vision possible through better & more accurate internal optics (Customized Cataract Surgery).
- At our center, a range of IOLs are available which include Monofocal lens, Multifocal lens, Accomodative lens & Toric lens.
- Your doctor will discuss with you the potential benefits of each of these lenses & help you select the one best suited for your lifestyle & visual needs, as well as your expectations from the cataract surgery.